IMMIGRANTS HELP POWER THE TEXAS ECONOMY
Texas has a long history of immigration, with the majority of immigrants hailing from Mexico. Immigrants now account for 17 percent of the state’s total population and support the local economy in a growing number of industries. Construction—one of the state’s largest and fastest growing industries—pulls nearly 40 percent of its workers from immigrants in the community.
As workers, business owners, taxpayers, and neighbors, immigrants are an integral part of Texas’ diverse and thriving communities and make extensive contributions that benefit all.
One in six Texas residents is an immigrant, while 15 percent of residents are native-born U.S. citizens with at least one immigrant parent.
As of 2015, 4.7 million immigrants comprised 17 percent of the population.
Texas was home to 2.2 million women, 2.2 million men, and 317,104 children who were immigrants.
The top countries of origin for immigrants were Mexico (55.1 percent), India (5 percent), El Salvador (4.3 percent), Vietnam (3.7 percent), and China (2.3 percent).
In 2016, 4.1 million people in Texas (15 percent of the state’s population) were native-born Americans who had at least one immigrant parent.
Over a third of all immigrants in Texas are naturalized U.S. citizens.
1.7 million immigrants (35.8 percent) had naturalized, and 982,471 immigrants were eligible to become naturalized U.S. citizens in 2015.
The majority of immigrants (62.6 percent) reported speaking English ‘well’ or “very well.’
Immigrants in Texas are found across the educational spectrum.
Nearly one in four adult immigrants had a college degree or more in 2015, while two in five had less than a high school diploma.
Undocumented immigrants comprised 8.5 percent of the state’s workforce in 2014.
Immigrants in Texas have contributed tens of billions of dollars in taxes.
Immigrant-led households in the state paid $20.4 billion in federal taxes and $8.7 billion in state and local taxes in 2014.
Undocumented immigrants in Texas paid $1.6 billion in state and local taxes in 2014. Their contribution would rise to $1.7 billion if they receive legal status.
DACA recipients in Texas paid an estimated $313.1 million in state and local taxes in 2016.
As consumers, immigrants add tens of billions of dollars to Texas’ economy.
Texans in immigrant-led households had $89.6 billion in spending power (after-tax income) in 2014.
Immigrant entrepreneurs in Texas generate billions of dollars in business revenue.
361,493 immigrant business owners accounted for 27.5 percent of all self-employed Texas residents in 2015 and generated $8.1 billion in business income.
In 2015, immigrants accounted for 42.2 percent of business owners in the Houston/Baytown/Sugar Land metropolitan area, 22.6 percent in the Dallas/Fort Worth/Arlington metro area, 19.3 percent in San Antonio, and 11.8 percent in the Austin/Round Rock metro area.
Source: New American Economy Study, 2019
More than 110,000 Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) recipients live in Texas. (American Immigration Council)
As of 2016, 80 percent of DACA-eligible immigrants in Texas, or 140,688 people, had applied for DACA.
An additional 57,000 residents of the state satisfied all but the educational requirements for DACA, and another 37,000 would be eligible as they grew older.